The 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science
Part of the International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science series
16–31 Jul 2018
- Go to the Sessions
- Event Details
Welcome from the Chairs
You are cordially invited to participate in the 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science, sponsored by the MDPI open access journal Minerals. This is a new initiative which offers the opportunity for researchers engaged in the study of mineral science to present their research and exchange ideas with their colleagues. We take full advantage of the Internet, removing the need to travel and participation expenses.
As this is the first conference in mineral science, the range of topics will be very general. The conference will cover the following broad themes:
- Mineral Processing
- Environmental Mineralogy
- Mineral Deposits
- Mineral Geochemistry and Geochronology
- Chemistry and Crystallography of Mineralogical Materials
- Nanominerals and Mineral Surfaces
This is a virtual conference held at www.sciforum.net/. Sciforum.net is a platform developed and sponsored by MDPI to organize electronic conferences, and to provide our community with the technical support for hosting our digital conferences.
The participation is free of charge—both for authors and attendees. Accepted papers will be gathered in the Proceedings of the conference. Selected extended versions of the papers will be published in journal Minerals with a discount of 20% on the Article Processing Charge (ISSN ISSN 2075-163X; Impact Factor: 2.088 (2016); Minerals).
I am looking forward to participate in exciting discussions, hearing new ideas and perspectives in the field and welcoming all participants to the online conference.
Prof. Dr. Paul Sylvester
Chair of the 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science
Endowed Pevehouse Chair Professor, Department of Geosciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1053, USA
Paul Sylvester has been the Endowed Pevehouse Chair Professor of Geosciences at Texas Tech University since 2014. He has held previous research and teaching positions at NASA Johnson Space Center, The University of Chicago, Australian National University and Memorial University of Newfoundland (Canada). His research interests are focused on mineral geochemistry and geochronology, particularly as applied to understanding provenance, correlation and diagenesis of lithostratigraphic units. To support his research program, he has developed and operates a laser ablation – multicollector – magnetic sector – ICPMS laboratory at Texas Tech. Paul holds a BSc degree from Purdue University (Indiana, USA) and a PhD degree from Washington University in St. Louis (Missouri, USA). He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America and Mineralogical Society of America.
Instructions for Authors
Submissions should be done by the authors online by registering with www.sciforum.net, and using the "Start New Submission" function once logged into system.
- Scholars interested in participating with the conference can submit their abstract (about 200-250 words covering the areas of manuscripts for the proceedings issue) online on this website until 31 May 2018.
- The Conference Committee will pre-evaluate, based on the submitted abstract, whether a contribution from the authors of the abstract will be welcome for the 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science. All authors will be notified by 15 June 2018 about the acceptance of their abstract.
- If the abstract is accepted for this conference, the author is asked to submit the manuscript, optionally along with a PowerPoint and/or video presentation of his/her paper (only PDF), until the submission deadline of 30 June 2018.
- The conference proceedings papers and presentations will be available on https://sciforum.net/conference/IECMS2018 for discussion during the time of the conference 16–31 July 2018. Accepted papers will be published in the Journal Proceedings. After the conference, the authors are recommended to submit an extended version of the proceeding papers to the journal Minerals with 20% discount of the APC charges.
Manuscripts for the proceedings issue must have the following organization:
- Full author names
- Affiliations (including full postal address) and authors' e-mail addresses
- Results and Discussion
Manuscripts should be prepared in MS Word or any other word processor and should be converted to the PDF format before submission. The publication format will be PDF. There is no page limit on the length, although authors are asked to keep their papers as concise as possible.
Authors are encouraged to prepare a presentation in PowerPoint or similar software, to be displayed online along with the Manuscript. Slides, if available, will be displayed directly in the website using Sciforum.net's proprietary slides viewer. Slides can be prepared in exactly the same way as for any traditional conference where research results can be presented. Slides should be converted to the PDF format before submission so that our process can easily and automatically convert them for online displaying.
Besides their active participation within the forum, authors are also encouraged to submit video presentations. If you are interested in submitting, please contact the conference organizer ([email protected]) to get to know more about the procedure. This is an unique way of presenting your paper and discuss it with peers from all over the world. Make a difference and join us for this project!
Posters will be available on this conference website during and after the event. Like papers presented on the conference, participants will be able to ask questions and make comments about the posters. Posters that are submitted without paper will not be included in the proceedings of the conference.
Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.sciforum.net/login by registering and logging in to this website.
Authors must use the Manuscript Template to prepare their manuscript. Using the template file will substantially shorten the time to complete copy-editing and publication of accepted manuscripts. Manuscript prepared in MS Word must be converted into a single file before submission. Please do not insert any graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) into a movable frame which can superimpose the text and make the layout very difficult.
- Paper Format: A4 paper format, the printing area is 17.5 cm x 26.2 cm. The margins should be 1.75 cm on each side of the paper (top, bottom, left, and right sides).
- Formatting / Style: Papers should be prepared following the style of IECMS2018 template. The full titles and the cited papers must be given. Reference numbers should be placed in square brackets [ ], and placed before the punctuation; for example  or [1-3], and all the references should be listed separately and as the last section at the end of the manuscript.
- Authors List and Affiliation Format: Authors' full first and last names must be given. Abbreviated middle name can be added. For papers written by various contributors a corresponding author must be designated. The PubMed/MEDLINE format is used for affiliations: complete street address information including city, zip code, state/province, country, and email address should be added. All authors who contributed significantly to the manuscript (including writing a section) should be listed on the first page of the manuscript, below the title of the article. Other parties, who provided only minor contributions, should be listed under Acknowledgments only. A minor contribution might be a discussion with the author, reading through the draft of the manuscript, or performing English corrections.
- Figures, Schemes and Tables: Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color. Full color graphics will be published free of charge. Figure and schemes must be numbered (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, etc.) and a explanatory title must be added. Tables should be inserted into the main text, and numbers and titles for all tables supplied. All table columns should have an explanatory heading. Please supply legends for all figures, schemes and tables. The legends should be prepared as a separate paragraph of the main text and placed in the main text before a table, a figure or a scheme.
For further inquiries please contact the Conference Secretariat.
It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under "Acknowledgments" section. It is the authors' responsibility to identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of clinical research. If there is no conflict, please state here "The authors declare no conflict of interest." This should be conveyed in a separate "Conflict of Interest" statement preceding the "Acknowledgments" and "References" sections at the end of the manuscript. Financial support for the study must be fully disclosed under "Acknowledgments" section.
MDPI AG, the publisher of the Sciforum.net platform, is an open access publisher. We believe that authors should retain the copyright to their scholarly works. Hence, by submitting a Communication paper to this conference, you retain the copyright of your paper, but you grant MDPI AG the non-exclusive right to publish this paper online on the Sciforum.net platform. This means you can easily submit your paper to any scientific journal at a later stage and transfer the copyright to its publisher (if required by that publisher).
List of accepted submissions (11)
The Ni-Bi-Au association at Kamariza and ‘km-3’, Lavrion ore district, Greece
Submitted: 23 Jun 2018
Abstract: Show Abstract
The Lavrion ore district, located about 50 km southeast of Athens (Greece), contains a variety of ore types including porphyry Mo-W, skarn Fe-Cu-Bi-Te, carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag±Au-Bi and vein-type Pb-As-Sb-Ag and Pb-Ni-Bi-Au (Solomos et al. 2004; Voudouris et al. 2008; Bonsall et al. 2011; Kolitsch et al. 2015). Mineralization was synchronous to the intrusion of a Miocene granodiorite body in the footwall of the Western Cycladic Detachment System and related felsic dikes and sills within marbles and schists, which locally cross-cut the detachment. Carbonate-sericite altered microgranodioritic dikes and sills at Kamariza are crosscut by porphyry-style quartz-sericite-calcite stockworks hosting pyrrhotite, pyrite, arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite and sphalerite (e.g. the same metallic minerals present in the carbonate-replacement and vein ores). The dikes and sill display enrichment in Ni (up to 220 ppm), Cu (up to 175 ppm), As (up to 510 ppm), Mo (up to 6 ppm) and Pb (up to 830 ppm), as measured by ICP-MS. The Ni-Bi-Au association at the Clemence mine in Kamariza is a vein-type mineralization developed at the contact between marbles and schists. The mineralization also expands in the marbles unit, forming carbonate-replacement bodies. It consists of native gold and bismuthinite intergrown with gersdorffite, enclosed in galena. Bulk ore analyses reveal Au and Ag grades exceeding 100 ppm, Pb and Zn > 1 wt. %, Ni up to 9700 ppm, Co up to 118 ppm, Sn > 100 ppm and Bi > 2000 ppm. New mineralogical and mineral-chemical data from the Ni-Bi-Au association suggest gold deposition with oscillatory zoned gersdorffite following initial deposition of pyrite and arsenopyrite. Oscillatory zoning in gersdorffite is related to variable As, Ni and Fe contents, indicating fluctuation of arsenic fugacity in the hydrothermal fluid. Chalcopyrite, tennantite and enargite rimming gersdorffite suggest an evolution towards higher sulfur fugacity in the mineralization with time. Stannite enclosed in pyrite and native antimony enclosed in galena are decribed here for the first time in the Clemence ore assemblage. At the ‘km-3’ locality, the Ni sulfides and sulfarsenides, vaesite, millerite, ullmannite and polydymite, are enclosed in gersdorffite and/or galena. At this location mineralization occurs in the form of calcite and galena veins crosscutting and cementing brecciated marbles, within the detachment fault. Mineralization is enriched in Mo (up to 36 ppm), As and Ni (both >1 wt. %), Co (up to 1290 ppm), whereas other elements occur in lesser amounts: Te (up to 2 ppm), Sn (up to 8.5 ppm), Bi (up to 1.3 ppm). Gersdorffite at ‘km-3’ is homogenous and contain less Fe (up to 2 wt. %) than that from the Clemence mine (up to 9 wt. %), probably related to lower temperatures of their formation. The geochemical and mineralogical data from this study support previous models for a magmatic contribution of metals to the ore system, although a remobilization from previous mineralization and/or country rocks cannot be ruled out.
Cr release from Cr-substituted goethite during the aqueous Fe(II)-induced recrystallization
Submitted: 17 May 2018
Abstract: Show Abstract
The interaction between aqueous Fe(II) (Fe(II)aq) and iron (hydr)oxides is an important reaction of iron cycle and plays a critical role in the environmental behavior of heavy metal in soils. The metal substitution has been reported to decrease the Fe atom exchange rates between the Fe(II)aq and metal-substituted iron (hydr)oxides as well as inhibiting the recrystallization of iron (hydr)oxides, whereas the environmental behaviors of the substituted metal during the processes remain unclear. In this study, Fe(II)aq-induced recrystallization of Cr-substituted goethite (Cr-goethite) and the sequentially release of substituted Cr were investigated under different conditions. The results of stable Fe isotopic tracer and Mössbauer characterization studies show that Fe atom exchange occurred between Fe(II)aq and structural Fe(III) in Cr-goethites, during which Cr-goethites were recrystallized. The Cr substitution inhibited the rates of Fe atom exchange and Cr-goethite recrystallization. During the processes, Cr were released from Cr-goethite and Cr-goethites with higher Cr-substituted contents released more. Highest Fe atom exchange rate and most amount of Cr release were observed at pH 7.5, while no change in mineral phase after reaction for 30 days. At a lower pH of 5.5 or a higher pH of 8.5, significantly less exchange and Cr release occurred. The releases of Cr were positively correlated with the Fe atom exchanges rates, suggesting the driving force of sorbed Fe(II) for the Fe atom exchange and Cr release. The release and re-incorporation of Cr simultaneously occurred during the Fe(II)aq-induced recrystallization of Cr-goethites, especially at the late stage of the reactions. Our findings indicate that dynamic changes of Cr forms relating to Fe(II)aq-induced recrystallization of iron (hydr)oxides should be considered when evaluating the soil Cr pollution in Fe-rich soils.
Biomineraization in Sarcocornia pruinosa growing in the tidal area of Río Tinto, an extreme acidic environment.
Submitted: 31 May 2018
Abstract: Show Abstract
We present the localization of Na, Ca, Mg and Fe biominerals in Sarcocornia pruinosa (Chenopodiacaeae), a halophyte species that grow in the estuarine area of the Río Tinto basin. The estuarine soils of the Tinto basin are characterized by an extreme low pH, a slightly high salinity and high concentration of S and Fe, together with Na, Mg, P, Cu and Zn salts. It is exposed to the daily tides, with the correspondent increase in the pH and the concentrations of Na and Mg.
The aim of this work was to characterize the elemental composition and identify the biominerals and their distribution in different organs and tissues of S. pruinosa.
Analytical techniques (ICP-MS), X-Ray diffraction and microscopy such as OM (optical microscopy) with histochemical staining (Prussian blue stain), SEM and TEM (scanning and transmission electronic microscopy) coupled with EDX (energy dispersive X-ray) have been used to analyze the plant tissues, for mineral characterization.
A high accumulation of salts has been observed in all the analyzed parts, highlighting the high content of Na and K between the major elements, followed by Ca, Mg, together with a high concentration of Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn.
We documented the occurrence of halite, silvite, whewellite, weddellite, glushinkite and Fe oxides as biominerals in S. pruinosa. We highlight the scarcity of data related to the presence of these biominerals in plants. Our data suggest the importance of plants in the biogeochemical cycles in the estuarine areas.
Boiling assemblages in the Kupel occurrence, Krumovgrad goldfield, SE Bulgaria
Submitted: 28 Jun 2018
Abstract: Show Abstract
This paper presents a study on boiling assemblages in the Kupel occurrence, as boiling was evidenced by the presence of vein adularia and platy calcite. Fluid inclusion evidence is not available since the present fluid inclusions are very small in size for investigation under optical microscope. Boiling assemblages occur in two types of auriferous mineralization hosted by supradetachment, grey fine-grained arkosic sandstones and presented by (i) veinlets of quartz-adularia and (ii) veinlets of platy calcite. In quartz-adularia veinlets micron-sized electrum aggregates form globular shapes, which reach 800 µm across and are arranged along the veinlet length. In cross-sections electrum aggregates display abundant silicate-filled pores of a few microns in size. Globular geometry of the electrum aggregates and their arrangement along the veinlet length suggest collectively that these globules were flowing particles - flocs but not colloidal particles since the latter are much smaller. In these veinlets electrum is intergrown with micron-sized chalcopyrite, galena, hessite and greenockite. The auriferous calcite veinlets are formed later than the auriferous quartz-adularia ones, since the first clearly has intersected or brecciated the latter. Electrum in the calcite veinlets forms accumulations only in portions of sharp thickness expansions after throttle portions, which are barren. This suggests that electrum has been transported by a flowing fluid, in a particulate form and deposited due to pressure drop during hydrofracturing, as the electrum particles have been arrested in low velocity (expanded) portions of ore conduits. The auriferous assemblages in the Kupel occurrence indicate high effectiveness of boiling for deposition of Au, Ag, Cu, Pb, Cd and Te through collective loss of H2, CO2, H2S and H2Te what is in complete accord with recent studies on modern terrestrial geothermal fields. Methods used comprise observations under binocular, optical and scanning electron microscope, and electron microprobe analysis.
Two-stage SART process: A feasible alternative for gold cyanidation plants with high zinc and copper contents
Submitted: 31 May 2018
Abstract: Show Abstract
The SART process (SP) has been successfully implemented in gold cyanidation plants to address issues associated with high cyanide-soluble copper content the ores. However, this process could produce a relatively low grade precipitate, descreasing the sale price, when gold plants have high zinc and copper content in their solutions. A potential option in this case would be use of a two-stage SART process (TSSP) to produce separate zinc and copper precipitates. The additional equipment involved with this process would increase the capital cost, thereby generating concerns about the optimal range of metal contents that could justify this option. This study presents a methodology to quantify the feasible range of Cu/Zn concentrations that would justify a two-stages SART process. The study is based on a thermodynamic model and a simple economic evaluation. Results show the TSSP is preferred when the Cu/Zn ratio ranges between 0.2 and 1.5 with copper concentration higher than 500 mg/L. The TSSP appears to be a viable option to consider for gold plants having concentrations of copper and zinc higher than 500 and 350 mg/L respectively.
Prof. Dr. Paul Sylvester
Texas Tech University, USA
Prof. Dr. Saeed Chehreh Chelgani, University of Michigan, USA
Prof. Dr. Karen Hudson-Edwards, University of Exeter, UK
Prof. Dr. David Chew, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Assoc. Prof. Panagiotis Voudouris, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Dr. Sytle M. Antao, University of Calgary, Canada
Dr. Runliang Zhu, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Scientific Advisory Committee Members
Prof. Dr. Antonio Simonetti, University of Notre Dame, USA
Dr. Zhiyong Gao, Central South University, China
Dr. Pablo Cubillas, Durham University, UK
Ms. Sweater Shi
E-Mail: [email protected]
For information regarding sponsoring opportunities, please contact Ms. Sweater Shi.
E-Mail: [email protected] or [email protected].
Call for Papers
The section Chairs and the scientific committee members are pleased to announce the Call for Papers for the 1st International Electronic Conference on Mineral Science and to invite each researcher working in this exciting field of science to share his/her recent results with his/her colleagues around the world.
The conference will be organized into six sections, which reflect the minerals and mineralogy. It will cover a wide range of aspects, please see the details in each section.
Researchers are invited to provide a short abstract on line at https://www.sciforum.net/login from now until 31 May 2018. Acceptance will be notified within two weeks after submission of the abstract. Then the author(s) will be asked to submit the manuscript, optionally along with a slide show (PPT) (or a video) using the template provided by the conference (see Instructions for Authors). All accepted submissions will be displayed online, at https://sciforum.net/conference/IECMS2018, for discussion during 16-31 July 2018.
Accepted papers will be published in the Journal Proceedings. After the conference, the authors are recommended to submit an extended version of the proceeding papers to the Minerals Special issue with 20% discount of the APC charges.
The Scientific Committee looks forward to receiving contributions in response to this call and will be glad to provide any further information to interested parties. Questions may be addressed to the conference organizer at [email protected] or Minerals editorial office at [email protected].
We thank you in advance for your attendance of this conference and look forward to a stimulating exchange.
A. Mineral Processing
Prof. Dr. Saeed Chehreh Chelgani, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
As high grade ores have been somewhat depleted, low grade complex deposits are becoming the main source of valued minerals. These disseminated and complicated ores, however, include a huge amount of non-value (unwanted) minerals. The main purpose of mineral processing is to reduce the bulk of the ore which must then be transported to and processed in the smelter. In other words, mineral processing is a combination of relatively cheap methods for separating the valuable minerals from the waste non-value (gangue) minerals. Size (liberation) and mineral properties are two general factors taken into account in mineral separation and processing. Papers for this Section on mineral processing include, without being limited to, the following themes:
- Gravity separation
- Magnetic separation
- Froth flotation
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B. Environmental Mineralogy
Prof. Dr. Karen Hudson-Edwards, Environment & Sustainability Institute and Camborne School of Mines, University of Exeter, Penryn Cornwall TR10 9DF, UK
Environmental minerals, like “traditional” minerals, are naturally-occurring solids with definite chemical compositions. Unlike “traditional” minerals, however, they can be formed by both inorganic and organic processes, range from very poorly crystalline to crystalline, and are found in natural and engineered environments such as mines or nuclear waste disposal sites, or biological systems such as the human body. Environmental minerals control the transport and availability of nutrients and contaminants in waters, soils, sediments and dusts. The Environmental Mineralogy Section invites contributions on, but not restricted to, the following themes:
- Characterisation of environmental minerals in Earth surface environments
- Uptake of contaminants and nutrients in environmental minerals
- The environmental mineralogy of mine wastes, contaminated soils, dusts and nuclear wastes
- Environmental biominerals in Earth surface systems and the human body
- Bacteria, archaea, fungi and the formation of environmental minerals
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C. Mineral Deposits
Assoc. Prof. Panagiotis Voudouris, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 157 84 Athens, Greece
Mineral deposits are an essential supply of appropriate commodities for global industrialization. They often show specific associations with particular geologic terrains and vary in abundance as a function of geological time. Many factors are important for the formation of the mineral deposits, including the geotectonic environment, regional structural control, the petrography and geochemistry of the host rocks, the geochemistry of the ore-forming fluids, and the mineral paragenesis, textures and chemistry, etc. These factors affect exploration projects and the mining and extraction processes of the companies which invest considerable amounts of capital to extract the metals, minerals and rocks from deep in the Earths’ crust. Ore-forming models have been generated based on these factors but need modifying as the results of new research are forthcoming. Here, we evaluate how ore deposits form and the ways minerals can be used as pathfinders to the discovery of new deposits.
The Mineral Deposits section is open for contributions on, but not restricted to, the following topics:
- Mineralogy of precious, rare and critical metals in magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits
- Mineralogy of supergene ore deposits
- The use of mineral compositions in the search for mineral deposits
- Indicator minerals as vectors to ore deposits
- Metal enrichment in existing ore deposits as a result of igneous and metamorphic processes
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D. Mineral Geochemistry and Geochronology
Prof. Dr. David Chew, Department of Geology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Many new discoveries are being made and problems encountered in the geosciences by looking at individual minerals in exquisite detail at a microscopic level. The "Mineral Geochemistry and Geochronology" Section invites contributions that improve our understanding of the Earth and Solar System using techniques capable of analysing mineral samples at high spatial and temporal resolution.
Contributions on, but not restricted to, the following topics are welcomed:
- Exploration and mining geology
- Advances in mineral analytical techniques
- Innovations in accessory mineral U-Th-Pb petrochronology
- Mineral geochemistry applied to ore deposit processes
- Geochronology and thermochronology applied to geological processes
E. Chemistry and Crystallography of Mineralogical Materials
Dr. Sytle M. Antao, Department of Geoscience, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
The Chemistry and Crystallography Section covers all fundamental aspects of chemistry, crystal structure determination and refinements, properties, phase transitions, and formation conditions of materials of mineralogical interests. We invite contributions to the following topics:
- New approaches in mineralogy, crystallography, and mineral physics
- Ambient and non-ambient crystal chemistry
- Synchrotron and neutron techniques used to investigate material properties
- Reconstructing mineral history and formation conditions
- Biominerals and applications of mineralogy in medicine
F. Nanominerals and Mineral Surfaces
Dr. Runliang Zhu, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
Mineral surfaces have drawn the interest of scientific communities from several disciplines, in particular earth, environmental, geochemical, soil, and mineral sciences, as a variety of reactions can take place on mineral surfaces, including surface hydration, hydroxylation, adsorption/desorption, surface precipitation, crystal growth, mineral dissolution, oxidation/reduction, catalysis, etc. These reactions then play a central role in many important processes taking place on earth, e.g., the formation and weathering of minerals and rocks; the formation of ore deposits; the formation of soil; geochemical cycling of the elements (with those related to sustainable development of the environment being of particular concern); bioavailability of contaminants and nutrients; self-cleaning of the environment; recording of environmental information; the origins of life. In addition, these reactions can also be applied for various purposes, such as ore processing and extraction, synthesis and applications of mineral-based materials (e.g., mineral-based catalysts, adsorbents, and flocculants).
Modern characterization techniques (e.g., synchrotron-based spectroscopic and scattering methods) in combination with molecular modelling methods, provide atomic-level information to help understand the microstructure and physicochemical properties of minerals surfaces and the reactions that take place. Significant advances have been achieved in this research area in recent decades. However, there is much left to be discovered, particularly because reactions on mineral surfaces are closely related to the environmental quality of near-surface earth, and the sustainable development of humanity.
Nanominerals and mineral nanoparticles are widely distributed in soil, the atmosphere, oceans, groundwater and surface waters, and even in living organisms. Due to the significant size-effects and large portion of surface atoms, nanominerals and mineral nanoparticles are expected to have large mineral surfaces and strong surface reactivity. In this regard, nanominerals and mineral nanoparticles play an important role in a variety of earth and environmental processes, and have been the subject of much current research. The strong surface reactivity of nanominerals and mineral nanoparticles makes them prominent geosorbents and natural catalysts, affecting the geochemical cycling of elements, formation/dissolution of minerals, environmental fate of contaminants, self-cleaning of contaminated sites, etc.
Similarly, in recent years, modern characterization techniques (e.g., powerful high-resolution transmission electron microscopes) help significantly for exploring the microstructure, physicochemical properties, and geochemical behaviors of nanominerals and mineral nanoparticles. However, there still remains huge gaps in our understanding of this research area.
This electronic conference intends to establish a platform for exchanging recent advances in the fields of minerals surfaces and nanominerals, which covers the broad scope of studies mentioned above.
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